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Brick dwellings, from the Jerid region…
From the morning departure from your hotel for this excursion in southern Tunisia, you will take the direction of the salt lake Chott el Jerid”. Along the way, the brick constructions characteristic of the Jerid region follow one another.
Adobe (clay mixed with water, and sometimes a binder such as finely chopped straw) is the basic material for these buildings constructed of bricks dried in the sun and then baked in an oven heated by palm wood. The ancestral architecture of these houses and mosques follows decorative codes with geometric patterns and relief graphics inspired by carpets, Berber tattoos and calligraphy.
After crossing the salt lake “Chott el Jerid”, you will discover one of the many artesian wells in the region of Kébili, before joining the oasis of Ksar Ghilane for lunch. The walk in this oasis of southern Tunisia will be followed by a transfer by the track. to a camp on the edge of the dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental. The Grand Erg Oriental is an erg of the Sahara, or desert of fixed dunes, nine tenths of which are located in Algeria, but whose northeastern part is located in southeastern Tunisia. A walk in the first line of dunes will keep you waiting until dinner time; but first you can follow the ancestral baking of bread in the embers, under the sand, like the nomads of the desert. The evening can be prolonged to the sounds of traditional music or under the clarity of the stars so characteristic in the desert of southern Tunisia.
…to the troglodyte houses, in the clay layers of the Monts de Matmata.
When the first rays of the sun begin to rise in the sky, the itinerary of your excursion will gradually take you away from the Sahara desert of southern Tunisia, towards the Dahar massif. This low mountain range is shared between Tunisia and Libya. The mountain range of Djebel Dahar is oriented on a north-south axis. The first heights rise to the west of Gabes and the plateaus run south to Djebel Nefoussa, in Libya. Behind the long escarpment of the djebel, which cuts southern Tunisia in two, dominating the coastal plain of Djeffara to the east, extends the Dahar, the reverse of the plateau which slopes gently towards the west and ends up sinking under the dunes of the Grand Erg Oriental, in the Sahara of southern Tunisia. The djebel welcomed the Berber populations of the plain in search of a refuge on the rocky peaks. They built fortified villages there, the ksour, according to a troglodyte-type habitat adapted to the rigors of the climate.
07:30: Departure for El Jem.
08:30: Arrival in El Jem. Visit of the Roman amphitheater.
09:30: Continuation for Matmata.
1:00 p.m.: Arrival in Matmata Visit of a troglodyte dwelling
1:00 p.m.: Lunch in Matmata at Les Berbères restaurant.
2.30 p.m.: Departure for Douz.
4:00 p.m.: Arrival in Douz. Optional camel ride on the large sand dunes.
6:00 p.m.: Installation at the El Mouradi Douz 4* hotel
Dinner and accommodation.